Trust vs. Company Structures
Chartered Accountants
Tax Practitioners Board
Quick Books
28 May 2024

Trust vs. Company Structures: Choosing the Right Option for Your Business Goals

When structuring a business in Australia, entrepreneurs often face the decision between trust and company structures. Both offer distinct advantages and considerations depending on business goals and circumstances. In this comparative analysis, our bookkeepers in Melbourne will explore the nuances of trust and company structures, providing insights into their functionalities, benefits and suitability for various business objectives.

Trust Structures

Trust structures are characterised by their flexibility and asset protection features. Here’s a closer look:

  • Functionality – Trusts operate under a trustee who holds assets on behalf of beneficiaries, allowing for flexible income distribution and asset protection.
  • Benefits – Offers tax advantages through discretionary income distribution, provides asset protection against creditors and legal claims, and facilitates seamless succession planning.
  • Considerations – Trusts require ongoing administration and compliance obligations. Trustees hold fiduciary duties, and there may be limited access to corporate tax benefits.

Company Structures

Company structures provide a separate legal entity and offer distinct advantages in certain scenarios. Let’s delve deeper:

  • Functionality – Companies are separate legal entities owned by shareholders, offering limited liability protection and perpetual existence.
  • Benefits – Provides limited liability protection for shareholders, grants access to corporate tax rates and benefits, and facilitates ease of raising capital through share issuance.
  • Considerations – Involves stricter regulatory compliance requirements, such as annual reporting and director duties. May incur higher setup and maintenance costs, and offers less flexibility in profit distribution compared to trusts.

Comparative Analysis

When choosing between trust and company structures, several factors come into play:

  • Flexibility – Trust structures offer greater flexibility in income distribution and succession planning, making them ideal for family-owned businesses or investment vehicles.
  • Asset protection – Trusts provide robust asset protection against creditors and legal claims, making them suitable for high-risk industries or individuals with significant assets.
  • Tax efficiency – Companies may offer tax advantages through access to corporate tax rates and benefits, especially for businesses with substantial profits or growth potential.
  • Cost & complexity – Trusts may involve lower setup costs initially but incur ongoing administration expenses and compliance obligations. Companies generally have higher setup and maintenance costs but offer simplicity in corporate governance.


In summary, the choice between trust and company structures will hinge on the specific goals and circumstances of the business. Trust structures excel in flexibility and asset protection, making them well-suited for family businesses, wealth management and succession planning. On the other hand, company structures offer limited liability protection and tax advantages, making them preferable for businesses seeking access to corporate tax rates, ease of capital raising and scalability. By understanding the functionalities, benefits and considerations of each structure, entrepreneurs can make informed decisions aligned with their long-term business objectives and risk profiles.

For help choosing the right structure for your business goals, contact Alexander Bright – a reliable choice for bookkeeping services in Melbourne. We will be more than happy to answer any questions you may have regarding trust structures and how our bookkeeping accounting service can help you.

Disclaimer: The accounting advice provided in this article is for informational purposes only and should be self-verified or consulted with a qualified accountant before making any financial decisions.

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